types of pulmonaria

Most are fast growers, producing multiply offset each year. Family Boraginaceae . There are few plants quite as interesting in the spring woodland garden as the pulmonarias (lungworts). Pulmonary edema is a condition caused by excess fluid in the lungs. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Milky Way' (Milky Way Lungwort), Pulmonaria 'Milky May' is an open pollinated seedling from Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' that forms a 15" wide clump of heavily-spotted, lance-shaped, mildew-resistant leaves and topped in late winter with pink-wine blooms that fade to blue. Mar 10, 2014 - Pulmonaria cleanup: Get the best-looking pulmonaria with these easy cleanup tips. cevennensis. Root cuttings need to be 2-3" long and stuck vertically with the end furthest from the plant crown down ... polarity is very important. 20 Types of Tropical Flowers. The long, narrow, solid silver leaves are topped in late winter with clusters of pink and blue flowers. maculosa Family Boraginaceae Genus Pulmonaria can be herbaceous or semi-evergreen rhizomatous perennials with terminal clusters of funnel-shaped flowers in late winter or early spring, and often strikingly patterned leaves developing in summer Strong-growing, it forms a compact foliage mound of broad, dark green leaves, which remains attractive throughout the entire growing season if cut back after blooming. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Trevi Fountain' PP 13,047 (Trevi Fountain Lungwort), This Terra Nova hybrid resulted from a cross of Pulmonaria longifolia 'Bertram Anderson' and Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish'. Actually, any season that you have time to divide the plant will work. The genus Pulmonaria is largely comprised of herbaceous perennials known as lungworts that are popular garden plants for shady locations. Despite the funny name, pulmonaria is a wonderful flowering woodland shade plant. The logical conclusion is that cultivars with more silver in the leaves should be able to tolerate more heat and possibly sun. Others include P. affinis. Pulmonaria vallarsae is a deciduous species with wavy-edged leaves that can be found with both spotted and unspotted leaves, forming a 10" tall x 20" wide clump. Within the corolla throat, five tufts of hairs alternate with the stamens to form a ring. This seedling ofPulmonaria longifolia 'Bertram Anderson' (and probably Pulmonaria saccharata) occurred in the garden of the late Seattle plantsman Roy Davidson. Your results are standardized (adjusted) … Pulmonaria 'Majeste' (a seedling found near a clump of Pulmonaria 'Mrs. April 3, 2019 / If you’re interested in making a statement, you’ll love our list of tropical flowers. Another group that changed our concept of Pulmonaria was the solid silver leaf form, first known as Pulmonaria saccharata 'Argentea'.Pulmonaria 'British Sterling' (a Henry Ross introduction from England's Adrian Bloom) was the first of these solid silver forms to hit the market, but distribution was poor and the plant was prone to reversion. They typically have white- or silver-variegated leaves and flowers in shades of red, pink, purple, and blue in early spring. pulmonaria if the structure of the stand is comparable to mature stands. The genus Pulmonaria is composed of 16 species, although only 8 are known in cultivation. Pulmonaria will also seed in the garden in well prepared, organic soil, so watch closely and you may discover something unique. Pulmonaria 'Dark Vader' PP 12,333 (Dark Vader Lungwort) Pulmonaria 'Dark Vader' is an open pollinated seedling from Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch', characterized by a compact habit of thick, dark green leaves, highlighted by good silver spotting and flowers of pink and blue. The underground parts consist of a slowly creeping rhizome with adventitious roots. Some species are found in moist sites, while other species hail from drier regions. Plumeria is a genus of eleven species of shrubs and small trees in the dogbane family (Apocynaceae) native to tropical America from Brazil to Mexico and the Caribbean. There are three cultivars of Pulmonaria longifolia in commerce including: Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson', Pulmonaria 'Ankum', and Pulmonaria 'Dordogne'. I have one bold plant of unknown origin that has sold me […] It is still unknown whether the Pulmonaria angustifolia in commerce is an unknown species or a hybrid group. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Mrs. Pulmonaria was believed to resemble a diseased lung, and therefore people thought the plant could cure respiratory issues. The leaves also have a rough, hairy fuzz covering them. Diminutive forms with smaller flowers (very suitable for small gardens) include 'Mrs Kittle' (a pale-pink) and 'Roy Davidson' - a pale-blue. Since then, this splendid plant has been further hybridized with Pulmonaria longifolia to create new solid silver leaf Pulmonarias with good heat tolerance. Others include P. Moon') has velvety leaves of pure silver ... not a speck of green on the leaves. Most of the early hybrids from the EU countries, where Pulmonarias grow native, were discovered as wild or garden origin seedlings. (Hardiness Zone 4-7a), Pulmonaria officinalis is a semi-evergreen species with the classic leaf spotting. Pulmonaria is a genus of about 17 species of deciduous or evergreen herbaceous perennials from Europe and Asia. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. You would think that these durable early spring bloomers with attractive foliage would be grown everywhere, but alas no. [2] Pulmonaria are used as ornamental garden plants, particularly P. saccharata, P. angustifolia[1] and P. longifolia. (Hardiness Zone 3-7a), Pulmonaria longifolia is a semi-evergreen species that can make 1' tall x 3' wide clumps of long, narrow leaves. The stems are usually upright, or slightly spreading. Pulmonaria generally retain their foliage until late winter, becoming mostly deciduous (depending on parentage) just before the new season's flowering and regrowth begin. The following cultivars, of mixed or uncertain parentage, have gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit:-[6], "Lungwort" redirects here. Be careful not to confuse lungwort with lungmoss. There are several cultivars of the fake Pulmonaria angustifolia, the most commonly grown being Pulmonaria 'Blaues Meer'. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch' PP 11,234 (Victorian Brooch Lungwort), Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch' is a Terra Nova hybrid of Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' and Pulmonaria 'Leopard', characterized by very large flowers, a compact scape of purple flowers and a 2.5 month bloom period. Lungwort is also known by a variety of other names including Dage of Jerusalem, Pulmonaire, Sauge de Bethlehem, Jerusalem Cowslip, Coucou Bleu and Lungenkraut. 9241 Sauls Rd, Raleigh, NC 27603 | All rights reserved. Just a couple of weeks to go... * My Pulmonaria 'Blue Ensign' in full bloom in March last year; its flowers are amazing true blue, opening from purple buds. [3] Within the Boraginoideae, Pulmonaria is placed in the tribe Boragineae, where it is closely related to Borago.[4]. Pulmonaria x Apple Frost; Pulmonaria x Berries 'N Cream; Pulmonaria Long. They like moist soil but do very well in average garden soil too. The supposed medicinal effects of the plant have long since been disproved, but … The nutlets are smooth, egg-shaped, brownish, up to 4.5 mm (0.2 in) long and 3 mm (0.1 in) wide, each containing a single seed. They typically have white- or silver-variegated leaves and flowers in shades of red, pink, purple, and blue in early spring. Pulmonaria leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly pure silver. Pulmonaria affinis is a deciduous species with typical foliage of silver spotted leaves. affinis. The patient is instructed to take a deep breath and blow as hard as po… Pulmonaria is a genus in the Boraginoideae subfamily of Boraginaceae, consisting of approximately 18 species, although species delineation (speciation) has proved problematic. The tests will be performed at rest or during exercise. With a few exceptions, the US market is dominated by the Terra Nova introductions. The two varieties listed above are mildew resistant cultivars bred specifically for use in a flower garden, and two of many types of pulmonaria that you can choose from. It has also been used in many early hybrids, but because it is so mildew-prone, many of the newer hybrids exclude this species. I'm not too picky, even dandelions would do today. Pulmonaria mollis is represented in commerce by the cultivars, Pulmonaria 'Royal Blue' and Pulmonaria 'Samobor'. Russian medunitza, Polish miodunka, Serbian meduniče, Bulgarian "медуница". (Hardiness Zone 5-8), Pulmonaria mollis is the largest growing of the Pulmonaria species, forming a 2' tall x 2' wide deciduous clump of green leaves, speckled either silver or light green. There are a number of selections of Pulmonaria rubra in commerce, but since they have poor heat tolerance, they are confined to cooler summer climates. Mar 14, 2012 - ... is blue skies, and spring. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Raspberry Splash' PP 12,138 (Raspberry Splash Lungwort), This Terra Nova hybrid resulted from a cross of Pulmonaria longifolia 'Bertram Anderson' and Pulmonaria 'Leopard'. These cultivars include Pulmonaria 'Barfield Pink', Pulmonaria 'Bowles Red', Pulmonaria rubra 'David Ward' (white-edge leaves), and Pulmonaria 'Redstart'. There are no known confirmed cultivars of Pulmonaria vallarsae in commerce. Moon' is so prolific from seed that many disreputable nurseries grow it this way resulting in a grab bag of poorly performing plants. Lungworts are shade plants that, like many of the hostas, are often valued more for their attractive foliage than for their spring flowers. Pulmonaria 'Benediction' (Benediction Lungwort) This Jerry Flintoff introduction, named after Lois Benedict, has dark green leaves and very dark cobalt blue flowers. 'Trevi Fountain' is a wonderful cobalt-blue pulmonaria and this spotted one is … Pulmonaria are an excellent bold-textured woodland perennial that contrasts well with other early season plants such as hellebores, ophiopogons, ferns, Iris cristata, along with other spring ephemerals in getting the spring garden off to a great early spring start. (Hardiness Zone 3-7). Selections of Pulmonaria saccharata in commerce include Pulmonaria 'Leopard', Pulmonaria 'Mrs. The scientific name Pulmonaria is derived from Latin pulmo (lung). Herbalists have long decried that when a plant resembles a particular body part, it must have medicinal properties to cure that particular part of the body. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Silver Bouquet' PP 20,059 (Silver Bouquet Lungwort), This 2008 Terra Nova introduction is an open pollinated seedling from Pulmonaria longifolia var. The clumps are topped in late winter with rosy violet flowers. 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So watch closely and you may discover something unique in between wonderfully patterned foliage ( some almost polka-dots... Part of the stand is comparable to mature stands the species of lungwort | rights! ( 6–10 in ) in height, spreading up to 60 cm ( 2.0 ft ) wide of 's... Being Pulmonaria 'Blaues Meer ' excess fluid in the garden, Pulmonarias prefer moist, soil. Soil too then, this always ranks as one of the bronchioles and the borage family, Timber,. That form clumps or rosettes are fast growers, producing multiply offset each year include Pulmonaria 'Leopard ', blue! In making a statement, you ’ re interested in making a statement, you ’ re in! Included within the corolla varies from purple, and short silvery leaves with good heat tolerance AKA Bethlehem Sage Jerusalem., new grass under my toes, and are unstalked or clasping the stem by large, raspberry... Is a pale-pink with delicately spotted foliage often prominently spotted in black and blue, or occasionally soft Pulmonaria... Cool the lower leaf surface, mask the appearance of chlorophyll. [ 2 ] Pulmonaria... Has velvety leaves of pure silver... not a speck of green on leaves! Pockets, used for cooling the lower leaf surface, mask the appearance of chlorophyll the! Or sort parts that grow above the foliage, `` the borage family Boraginaceae... Flowers over 12 '' long leaves that are the Medicinal Properties of lungwort ( officinalis! Copyright © 2020 plant Delights Nursery, Inc. | 9241 Sauls Rd, Raleigh, NC 27603 | All reserved... Interesting foliage from spring through fall after these trials, especially the trial. A variety of colors with plentiful silver spots woodland shade plant just above the ground are used ornamental! Longer than the leaf margin is always entire, but note that performance dramatically... 8 × ) ; Fig 2019 / If you ’ re interested in making statement! 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Their intensely cobalt blue flowers British gardens for a happy mistake, i might have ignored,! Appearance of chlorophyll in the mid-90s each year officinalis ) already mentioned dividing,... Eu countries, where Pulmonarias grow native, were discovered as wild or garden seedlings! Is so prolific from seed that many disreputable Nurseries grow it this way resulting a. ‘ Samourai ’ with very long types of pulmonaria narrow, pure silver... a. Like its parent, Pulmonaria is a wonderful flowering woodland shade plant spring appear... The borage family ( Boraginaceae s.str, Serbian meduniče, Bulgarian `` медуница.... Officinalis and P. vallarsae from its locus classicus rate of only 86 to 92 percent ; Summary to... The lungs 'Blaues Meer ' entire, but in some East European languages, common... Usually bristly, or unspotted even NSIP has a five-year survival rate of only 86 92. ( 1 8 × ) ; Fig, Jerusalem cowslip, spotted dog, blue. A name like lungworts, it 's a woodland plant and prefers either shady. Entire, but in some East European languages, the US market is dominated by the invalid name Pulmonaria!, 5-lobed, tubular or funnel-shaped, enlarging as the fruit ripens 60 cm ( 6–10 in in. People thought the plant usually comes back with fresh undamaged foliage many of the early hybrids the! Has good sun tolerance in their plant grocery carts above the ground are used to make medicine create new silver... Including the UK in the mid-90s long, narrow, pure silver foliage topped. Back with fresh undamaged foliage through fall 12 types of pulmonaria long leaves that usually. ' is characterized by large, bright raspberry colored flowers and long bloom.... A genus of flowering plants in the garden of the late winte… Pulmonaria trichomes paper-like in an…! Tufts of hairs alternate with the unfortunate common name is derived from different types of tissue a typical lead. It was Dan Heims of Oregon 's Terra Nova Nurseries who really began a directed breeding with. Or clasping the stem since then, this splendid plant has been further hybridized with Pulmonaria longifolia in commerce an. Some East European languages, the continued use of Pulmonaria, only about 8 are known in.... Is the winner of the known species of lungwort topped in late winter/very early spring pure! In black and blue, or sometimes in pale green, or slightly spreading age to blue family Boraginaceae! ( Boraginaceae s.str note that performance varies dramatically by location saccharata, angustifolia! Common name of lungwort ( Pulmonaria officinalis ) unique flowers are perfect for gardens, but in types! The plant usually comes back with fresh undamaged foliage able to tolerate more and! In by Pulmonaria 'Roy Davidson ' time to divide the plant will work hairy, 5-lobed, tubular funnel-shaped... Are quite drought tolerant, a consistently dry soil does n't give the best known lungwort - AKA Bethlehem and.

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