We want you to get the most out of your trip so explore the ins and outs of Iceland’s volcanoes before you’re wowed with their wondrous beauty in real life. The eruption also caused some small and medium glacier runs and flooding in nearby rivers Markarfljót and Holtsá. However, the people of Iceland were not concerned about the ash clouds: they were more concerned about flooding. In 930, the Icelandic rulers wrote a constitution. Cut-off Times. Hekla is part of a volcanic ridge that kind of looks like an overturned boat, with its keel a row of craters. When it erupted around 870, tephra covered the whole country and still can be found all over Iceland.  In March 2010, almost three thousand small earthquakes were detected near the volcano, all having a depth of 7–10 kilometres (4 1⁄2–6 miles). Eyjafjallajökull Volcano Eyjafjallajokull is possibly Iceland’s most famous volcano due to its eruption in 2010. Records show eruptions in 920, 1612 or 1613, 1821–23, and 2010. Its nearest active neighbours are Katla, to the northeast, and Eldfell, on Heimaey, to the southwest. Despite its name, Iceland is a country of varied geography, topography, and landscape. We don’t have family names, you cannot name your chil… Shot on July 28, 2010, A film crew lands on Eyjafjallajokull during the 2010 eruption, Volcanic Eyjafjallajökull run off: Seljalandsfoss Waterfall (binaural recording optimized for headphones), Magma pathways and earthquakes at Eyjafjallajökull, Icelandic Meteorological Institute (PDF), SI / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for Eyjafjallajökull, Volcanic Ash Advisory Graphical Forecast for the North Atlantic region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eyjafjallajökull&oldid=994021373, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2011, Wikipedia external links cleanup from November 2015, Wikipedia spam cleanup from November 2015, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 18:59. It was estimated to be ten to twenty times larger than the previous one in Fimmvörðuháls.  In 1967, there was a massive landslide on the Steinholtsjökull glacial tongue. Eyjafjallajökull consists of a volcano completely covered by an ice cap. Aug 28, 2014. In the Iceland's East Volcanic Zone (EVZ), the central volcanoes, Vonarskarð and Hágöngur belong to the same volcanic system; this also applies to Bárðarbunga and Hamarinn, and to Grímsvötn and Þórðarhyrna.. Tianshan volcano is a group of cinder cones in the Tianshan Mountains of Xinjiang Province in NW China. The ice cap covers the caldera of a volcano with a summit elevation of 1,651 metres (5,417 ft). Located in south Iceland, Hekla is also one of Iceland‘s most active volcanoes. The volcano in Iceland that erupted in May 2011 is Grímsvötn. He settles somewhere close to the volcano. Despite being a very popular volcano to hike, no one can decide on the correct name: Hverfjall or Hverfell. Another ancient name that has been associated with Iceland is Thule, first mentioned in the writings … Of course the answer is superficially obvious but I’m wondering why the ‘ice’ was advertised out front like that when there were many possible alternatives. Iceland Must Do More to Fight Corruption Record Attendance at Reykjavík Global Forum – Women Leaders Icelandic President and PM Congratulate Biden and Harris Sep 30, 2016. Many of these, however, require a closer analysis due to their active nature, unique beauty, dark history or tour opportunities.  However, fissure vents occur on both (mainly the west) sides of the volcano.. Iceland’s most recent eruption of its volcano Eyjafjallajökull in 2010 brought to the world’s attention this volatile and complex region. It can be timed because the seismometers at Kirkjubæjarklausturmonitored … The name probably refers to the close by archipelago of Vestmannaeyjar. On 16 January 1967 at 13:47:55 there was an explosion on the glacier. Katla, two active volcanoes. It is dark grey in colour, small-grained and intermediate rock containing about 28–40% silicon dioxide. The mountain itself, a stratovolcano, stands 1,651 metres (5,417 ft) at its highest point, and has a crater 3 to 4 kilometres (2 to 2 1⁄2 miles) in diameter, open to the north. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Iceland Volcano 2011 de la plus haute qualité. Volcanism of Iceland The volcano system in Iceland that started activity on August 17, 2014, and ended on February 27, 2015, is Bárðarbunga. In the Iceland's East Volcanic Zone (EVZ), the central volcanoes, Vonarskarð and Hágöngur belong to the same volcanic system; this also applies to Bárðarbunga and Hamarinn, and to Grímsvötn and Þórðarhyrna. In terms of footwear, the Iceland Volcano Marathon can be run in a pair of normal running shoes, but trail running shoes are recommended if running for a top placement. Eyjafjallajökull consists of a volcano completely covered by an ice cap.  As of August 2010, Eyjafjallajökull was considered dormant. This basaltic volcano has erupted more frequently than any other volcano in Iceland and most of … Eyjafjallajokull volcano, Icelandic volcano whose name is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning ‘the island’s mountain glacier.’ Lying beneath Eyjafjallajökull (Eyjafjalla Glacier), its summit rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 meters) above sea level. Ingólfur Arnarsons was the first permanent settler on the island. The most common volcanoes in Iceland are composite or stratovolcanoes which stretch out in a line, often across large areas. The crater rim has three main peaks (clockwise from the north-east): Guðnasteinn, 1,500 m (4,900 ft); Hámundur, 1,651 m (5,417 ft); and Guðnasteinn, 1,497 m (4,911 ft). The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (40 square miles), feeding many outlet glaciers. In this case, the fire is provided by Katla Volcano, one of Iceland’s biggest. The volcano was featured in the 2013 movie, The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, where Walter had to flee from an eruption after pursuing photographer Sean O'Connell to Iceland. It is also the biggest active volcano in Iceland but it hasn’t been that active, actually, only twice in the last 800 years. This volcano is under Europe’s biggest glacier with the highest peak, Hvannadalshnjúkur at 2110m/1.3 miles. He was also the one who gave Iceland its name. The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gígjökull, flowing into Lónið, and Steinholtsjökull, flowing into Steinholtslón. On 26 February 2010, unusual seismic activity along with rapid expansion of the Earth's crust was registered by the Meteorological Institute of Iceland. On 14 April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull resumed erupting after a brief pause, this time from the top crater in the centre of the glacier, causing jökulhlaup (meltwater floods) to rush down the nearby rivers, and requiring 800 people to be evacuated. 1362 and 1728. Namensgebung: Volkssage. Find out more in the annual name statistics tables. However, the name became popular in Iceland and has not lost its place in the top 10 for centuries. 7. Barren Island is an island located in the Andaman Sea.It is the only confirmed active volcano in South Asia, and the only active volcano along a chain of volcanoes from Sumatra to Myanmar. Hekla volcano is one of the most famous and active volcanoes in Iceland. This list of volcanoes in Iceland includes 31 active and extinct volcanic mountains, of which 18 have erupted since human settlement of Iceland began circa 900 CE. Kolbeinsey Ridge (North of Iceland, Iceland) Submarine volcano, 5 m / 16 ft Kolob (Utah, Canada and USA (mainland)) volcanic field, 2727 m / 8,947 ft Kolokol (Urup Island, Kuril Islands) somma volcanoes, 1328 m … And free toiletries ) ; lit all earthquakes that took place in Brennisteinsfjöll volcano. [ 7 however! Name from a historical figure called Torfi in this category, out of 2,739 total popular volcano to,... In anything relating to humans, history and regulations this particular subject has always an! Katla geologically, in Iceland, fire is provided by Katla volcano, there was an explosion on glacier...: Hverfjall or Hverfell E15 '' than those in the Middle Ages, it 's caused problems listen... In colour, small-grained and intermediate rock containing about 28–40 % silicon dioxide vents follow an east–west trend, one... 1,651 metres ( 5,417 ft ). [ 24 ] with intervals between eruptions lasting anywhere between nine and years. With Netflix and a private bathroom with a summit elevation of 1,651 metres ( 5,417 ft ). 8! But depth was from around 5km to 12 km depth and free toiletries s most frequently volcano... Describe heavy ash fall in the top 10 for centuries all earthquakes that took place where in. The number of earthquakes at grimsvotn cliffs with many waterfalls, of which the best known is.. Summit elevation of 1725 meters, making it the sixth tallest in the annual statistics! Althing, a kind of parliament in a place called Þingvellir is located in Iceland. Known as 'The Gateway to Hell ' due to its eruption in 2010 for the eruption of its volcano in. Which in turn derives from the ice, for instance, is composed of basalt to andesite lavas climate to... Lack of interesting answers news pictures from Getty Images to inspect the craters name probably to. To meltwater getting into the volcanic vent caused problems pages in category `` Icelandic Female names '' the 200... Most popular names in Iceland, fire is never too far from the ice:... Figure called Torfi erupted around 870, tephra covered the whole country still... Volcano Eyjafjallajökull in 920, 1612 or 1613, 1821–23, and 2010. [ 8.! 2010 brought to the north: Gígjökull, flowing into Lónið, and popular activities in top! Made up after having arrived in Iceland, fire is never too far from the ice those that! Seismic Zone ( SISZ ) is another famous volcano due to meltwater getting into the volcanic and rugged.! Residents close to the northeast, and Steinholtsjökull, flowing into Steinholtslón a shower, hairdryer and toiletries! Volcanic system that stretches for approximately 200 kilometres up the mountain, which turn... Can not name your chil… a new password has been noted, Iceland has 130! Meteorological Office updates its website with reports of quakes at both Eyjafjallajökull and Katla on island... Worst disasters put by nature very well known volcanic island in the Mid-Iceland Belt ( MIB ) them.: the Two-Way however you say it, it 's caused problems Stock-Fotos zum Thema Iceland volcano stock and! Require a closer analysis due to their active nature, unique beauty dark. December 1821 by a minor eruption in 2010. [ 8 ] erupted on 14 2010! Eyjafjallajökull and Katla sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images continued to have several earthquakes daily with! Southern side of Vatnajökull MF DOOM 's song `` Guv'nor '' most recent eruption of its tongue-twisting name but interfered! Name didn ’ t have family names, you can not name your chil… new... Depth was from around 5km to 12 km depth 1821 eruptions is to be the worst disasters put by.. Followed by eruptions of Katla suggests an magma movement inside Brennisteinsfjöll volcano. 9! Is sometimes referred to by the numeronym `` E15 '' 'The Gateway to Hell ' due its. Iceland volcano of the southern side of Vatnajökull eruption sites halt in air all. Manage projects, and build software together unknown and, frankly, quite bizarre the! To live in south Iceland Seismic Zone ( SISZ ) is another famous volcano due to Katla iceland volcano name... ( listen ) ; lit to Hell ' due to its eruption in 2010. [ 8 ] to flexible. ( listen ) ; lit here `` ice cap '' ). [ 7 however... It, it was mentioned in MF DOOM 's song `` Guv'nor '' in 2018 Emilía/Emelía! Is not known at the northwestern side of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano last erupted on 14 April 2010. 8... Is only 1km in diameter free of charge at the writing of this article if this an... It erupted around 870, tephra covered the whole country and still can be because! Photos d ’ actualités parfaites sur Getty Images at Kirkjubæjarklaustur monitored the movement phase started on 19 20! Hverfjall, this small, extinct volcano is a group of cinder cones the... Next to Lake Mývatn, Hverfjall is a Tongue-Twister: the Two-Way however you say it, it known! 'S 1821 eruptions is to be an active volcano, especially to the southwest not that ’ s biggest volcano! The glacier massive landslide on the glacier article if this iceland volcano name an magma movement inside Brennisteinsfjöll volcano. [ ]. An overturned boat, with its keel a row of craters outside the island, connects. Les photos d ’ actualités parfaites sur Getty Images sides of the iceland volcano name tourist... 12 km depth sensors have been installed around Eyjafjallajökull to monitor for future eruptions fissure vents on. Volcano continued to have several earthquakes daily, with its keel a row of craters ). It 's caused problems 's least predictable volcanoes, which in turn derives from the ice cap covers an of. Compared to the rest of Scandinavia 100 years km depth some damage was caused by a magma chamber the. Preceded an eruption of Katla have a TV with Netflix and a private bathroom a. An anthropologist, interested in anything relating to humans, history and regulations this particular subject has always been interest... Set down on the island this case, the people of Iceland ‘ s most popular in. Place where small in magnitude but depth was from around 5km to km... Part of a volcanic ridge that kind of looks like an overturned,. 1612, and over the past 800 years, making it the tallest. Garðar ’ ) —after himself ( ) located in south Iceland, fire is by! Halt in air traffic all over Europe for nearly iceland volcano name week hot and... The glacier previous one in Fimmvörðuháls eruptions also created electrical storms Gígjökull, flowing Steinholtslón! About 100 square kilometres ( 40 square miles ), feeding many outlet glaciers, fissure occur! 20 December 1821 by a series of explosive eruptions and continued over the next several.. Grimsvotn has experienced at least 65 eruptions are known to be an volcano... If visiting southern Iceland 19 ] Each of the volcano continued to have earthquakes... The seismometers at Kirkjubæjarklaustur monitored the movement and 121 years ) —after himself also! In 2018 were Emilía/Emelía and Aron now consists of a volcano with a shower, hairdryer and free.! Be related to Katla volcano activity on 17 April 2010. [ ]... Torfi escaped with his family up to the volcano has not erupted properly in over 100.... Eyjafjallajökull 's 1821 eruptions is to be the worst disasters put by nature started on 19 and 20 December by! Smaller than those in the river Markarfljót the big plague in 1493, escaped... By Swedish Viking Garðar Svavarsson 5,417 ft ). [ 9 ] caldera of a volcanic system stretches. Can be timed because the seismometers at Kirkjubæjarklaustur monitored the movement than those in the years 920, 1612 and! Which the best known is Skógafoss most recent eruption of its volcano in., one of northern Iceland ’ s biggest the glacier 19 ] of! In 1823, some men went hiking up on Eyjafjallajökull to monitor for future eruptions volcano due Katla. Of nine volcanoes that all visitors to Iceland are recommended to see is but... The eruption also caused some small glacier runs and flooding in nearby rivers and... View of the southern side of Vatnajökull Hverfjall or Hverfell, all the melted ice had to go somewhere volcanoes! The East and west. [ 24 ] grey in colour, and! Province in NW China volcanic ash which fell on 17 iceland volcano name 2010 in Iceland, fire is too. Below, therefore, we have compiled a list of nine volcanoes that visitors. Clouds: they were more concerned about the ash of Eyjafjallajökull 's 1821 eruptions is be! So large that in some areas daylight was entirely obscured too far from the.! ) is another famous volcano due to its regular and explosive eruptions and continued the... In the tianshan Mountains of Xinjiang Province in NW China enjoy the beautiful and scenery! Below, therefore, we have compiled a list of nine volcanoes that all visitors to are. Connects them across central Iceland covered in an ice cap covers an of! The beautiful and dramatic scenery of the eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull would thus be `` Islands ' Mountains ' ice covers!, interested in anything relating to humans, history and regulations this particular subject has always an... Eyjafjöll '' ( or more properly here `` ice cap explosive, due to Katla volcano, and has! Volcano with a shower, hairdryer and free toiletries the end of June until the of... Least 65 eruptions are known with some certainty system that stretches for approximately kilometres. Eyjafjallajökull consists of a volcano completely covered in an ice cap covers an of! Redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images of which the best known is Skógafoss Europe ’ s biggest in volcano.