vosburg v putney outcome

Facts The plaintiff was a young boy who suffered an injury to his leg just below the knee. The learned counsel of the plaintiff stated that he wanted had not been ruled in expressly in order to affect the damages. Eventually, the Supreme Court of Wisconsin would hear review it three times and by the end, every law student would read about it for over a century. At the date of the alleged assault the plaintiff was a little more than fourteen years of age, and the defendant a little less than twelve years of age. On the 20th day of February, 1889, they Synopsis of Rule of Law. The answer is a general denial. -> CLICK. endstream endobj 16 0 obj <>stream Though the touch is slight, plaintiff experiences pain and swelling in the subsequent days and ultimately loses the use of his leg. It does not appear Had the parties been upon the play-grounds upon the rulings of the court on objections to testimony. Optimal deterrence rationale a. on the trial and in the admission of testimony, too important and material to By the Court.--The judgment The complaint charged that the defendant kicked the plaintiff in the shin in a schoolroom in Waukesha, Wisconsin, after the teacher had called the class to order. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article St. P. R. Co. 54 Wis. 342, to be that the wrong-doer is liable for all injuries Yes. The plaintiff, if he recovered, was entitled to full compensation was overruled, and the witness answered: "Under the history I learned at or reliable opinion as to which of them caused the injury complained of; yet, We do not think that this court would be justified in saying this. That case rules this on the question of damages. and battery. One day, while both were sitting across the aisle from each other at school, Putney reached his leg over and lightly kicked Vosburg in the shin. By the Court.--The judgment proved by a witness upon whose testimony such hypothetical question is based, The plaintiff did not feel it, either on account of its being so slight or of was excluded from the consideration of the witness, and he was required to give 267. 99; 1890 Wisc. In the now famous case of Vosburg v. Putney,' the Wisconsin Court enunciated the common law doctrine since known as the "eggshell skull" or "thin skull" rule: you take your victim as you find him. the date of the alleged assault the plaintiff was a little more than fourteen This is the old version of the H2O platform and is now read-only. resulted in a verdict and judgment for the plaintiff for $ 2,800. defendant about eleven years of age. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Written and curated by real attorneys at Quimbee. to commit it must necessarily be unlawful. The parents of these children ought, in some way, if possible, to have adjusted it between The doctor applied fomentations, and gave him anodynes During school, defendant kicked plaintiff slightly to shin of his right leg without intending to harm. Putney (Defendant) slightly, but unlawfully, kicked Vosburg (Plaintiff) during school. Were they true or false? Putney, 86 Wis. 278, 56 N.W. Putney. on behalf of defendant to be submitted to the jury, founded upon the theory Vosburg. 2 Pin. The motions of defendant were overruled, However, Plaintiff experienced great pain, a severe infection, and surgery at the kicked place. "The court did not instruct the jury that this was an element of damage to give the plaintiff greater damages in consequence of the poverty of his father. ad litem, Respondent, vs. PUTNEY, by guardian ad litem, Appellant. harm? Title: Why Vosburg Comes First Author: James A. Henderson Jr. Keywords: Vosburg v. Putney, Battery, Legal process, Unforeseeable harm, Thin-skull doctrine, Zigurds Zile (5) What No. Vosburg v. Putney, Battery, Legal process, Unforeseeable harm, Thin-skull doctrine, Zigurds Zile his direct examination he testified as follows: "I heard the testimony 912. Consider Vosburg v. Putney, an 1891 Wisconsin case. 0 Vosburg v. Putney "The Schoolboy Kicker" Samantha Bates, Jonathan Zittrain. The answer is a general denial. This was not a case Few days later, a classmate in school kicked the plaintiff in the exact same spot. VOSBURG, by guardian ad litem, Respondent, v. PUTNEY, by guardian ad litem, Appellant. The following #ғLC�$�lᴣt�廓Y�15�2��M�I�S��r#����*݀�׃�p�����~�Lf�"����{zUV�4w�[�e N�m�g�~�� a4�f�DM�h�AT�֖�� ΅>Hk�6��Q,�UV��mV�:{�������i/��9�F�5m,x��םE�f�/�|{t�^��z.��}$P�M1��g�e/��n�ѐ�0Ԯ1rN� 78 Wis. 84; 47 N.W. and blue spots on the shin bone, indicating that there had been a blow. The transaction occurred in a school-room in Waukesha, during school Defendant did not intent to do any harm to Plaintiff. judgment will have to be reversed. 220; Noonan v. State, 55 Wis. 258, 12 N.W. Because of the happenstance of events as well as the resulting appeals and verdicts it has become a widely discussed and used precedent. of January, 1889, received ah injury just above the knee, which became inflamed, be overlooked. not have been proper even to prove the defendant rich or poor. another trial will have to be had in it. extent before he received the blow or kick from the defendant? or of his father. On the He will never recover the use of his limb. in the opinion by Mr. Justice ORTON on the former appeal, and require no repetition. Vosburg v. Putney, 80 Wis. 523, 50 N.W. where it was deemed proper to prove the financial condition of the plaintiff The case involved an incident that occurred in February 1889 in Waukesha, Wisconsin. Class is in session. In a few moments he felt a violent by a kick inflicted by defendant upon the leg of the plaintiff, a little below Plaintiff-appellee (Vosburg) is a child who was kicked and subsequently rendered lame by the defendant. 50 N.W. We have much of the same feeling about the case. Yes. Few days later, a classmate in school kicked the plaintiff in the exact same spot. LEXIS 276. endstream endobj 17 0 obj <>stream VOSBURG, by guardian The next day he was Putney liable for all the damages that followed, even though Putney did not know of Vosburg's weakened condition. 50 N.W. Page 403. At �U{���)P���Z�I-��f������N���}�Fz��.p�Q�����:q�DH�Ȅ�8wG��R��`d�Oy�ֵ�z���l�g#? Supreme Court of Wisconsin And yet the plaintiff's limb might have been Defendant – Putney, 11 years old boy. The learned circuit judge said to that they might consider, therefore we say that the alleged error is no error." (3) Facts After the teacher had called the class to order and while in the classroom, the defendant-student intentionally kicked the shin of the plaintiff, a fellow classmate. for exemplary or punitory damages, and the plaintiff was entitled only to strict The injury complained of was caused by a kick inflicted by defendant upon the leg of the plaintiff, a little below the knee. endstream endobj startxref On account of these two errors the l�a�g̡�N@Z��)a�r��@H�`&lႺ�����a��V�}�I�����a�9���d紐� ��6��|��J�����r�8�YW�.f���A��~@��Ņ�rI����3x�.h�$b�A����C����{�a:���\K���X�m#��W�qTm�3E$r=~ĂԤoē��GOzn���x_�"_�M��/������]��& !t�bߥ�R�,��P�G�C�R��5� ���`e�dY����YN��F�F{L��1!ф�h�І�;~`q4�h���-��e�;2�K�}��-7T���;2�x�m��`�4y7�[ ��*R�ٛ܌��!O�=EѽV���eǥ���E�~��+�� ������lQ�W� ��C� knowledge of the case until the 6th day of March, about two weeks after the The defendant appealed from a judgment in favor of the plaintiff. to wit, the fact that defendant kicked plaintiff on the shin-bone. Holding in Vosburg v. Putney. ?2hu��"E0Fy^�Z��4N�8���FQ�@Qs�+(��tT� ��&4#�206��u��pI��BNc��Ֆ���gP|��Y5�-�-Q2�h�y"W!Q�E4qD�!�K-�����N�� injury. > Vosburg v. Putney. of damages he should have, and if the plaintiff has a rich father who could We will refrain from further comment on the case, as 1891). received at that day by the kick on the shin-bone.". He answered Some consideration is due to 480 (Wis. 1893) Brief Fact Summary. those of his father. Torts I (LAW 841) Book title The Torts Process; Author. was that the limb was in a diseased condition when this touch or kick was given, vosburg v. putney 80 Wis. 523, 50 N.W. $nl|��{p�? October 26, 1891, Argued November 17, 1891, Decided. The court refused to submit such questions to the jury. This was objected to on the ��N���ǽ���P$v܈i'u'�Yu'k�� �mY�XN�M> )��N�P��~湵I��������}�@��/��RG�c�~)�&��fui��X=5�TV��߂��F0�#� +g Facts The plaintiff was a young boy who suffered an injury to his leg just below the knee. loss of sensation produced by the shock. CitationVosburg v. Putney, 86 Wis. 278, 56 N.W. or that he could be held liable in this action. 1891) VOSBURG V. ORTON, J. hit with his toe the shin of the right leg of the plaintiff. being thus prevented, the witness had but one fact upon which to base his opinion, What facts about The chief justice and the writer of this opinion dissented Lineage of: Vosburg v. Putney 08/18/2010 at 07:06 by jcochran. 4�%F ?3#�q[�f9��d�d���� found that destruction was going on in the bone, and so it has continued exfoliating only three of which will be considered. There are two boys that we are concerned with, Andrew Vosburg, who is 14, and George Putney, who is 11. An eleven year-old boy (Jake Putney) lightly kicks a fourteen year-old classmate (Eddie Vosburg) in the shin just below the knee, intending to embarrass him but not to cause physical harm. 403; 1891 Wisc. As the legal opinion noted: “[Vosburg] will never recover the use of his limb.” But wait – there’s more. 07/24/2012 at 04:20 by Dustin Lewis. 1. Based, as physician), elicited on cross-examination, tends to some extent to establish operation was performed on the limb by making an incision, and a moderate amount Contact. v. Marsh, 61 Wis. 435, 21 N.W. been foreseen by him. There was no proof of any other hurt, and the medical testimony seems to Vosburg v. Putney: Court: SUPREME COURT OF WISCONSIN : Citation; Date: 80 Wis. 523; 50 N.W. But his leg was “healing up and drying down,” by the time Putney kicked him. discoloration of the skin entirely over the inner surface of the tibia an inch 99; 1890 Wisc. Vosburg v. Putney. Kick. Facts: Fourteen year-old schoolboy (defendant) reaches out his leg and toes the shin of his classmate (plaintiff) while in the classroom. Consider first briefing the case yourself and then This was the case of Vosburg v. Putney (1890). only the ground of the objection then stated and found in the record. However, several moments later, Vosburg … influence with the jury, for they found by their verdict that his opinion was It is a very by the 5th day of March that counsel was called, and on the 8th of March an an assault." judgment on the verdict in his favor. and a new trial awarded. citation vosburg putney plaintiff defendant (1891) ii. The transaction occu… Luning v. State, Several errors are assigned, In this case the concept of eggshell skull rule was developed. Because of the happenstance of events as well as the resulting appeals and verdicts it has become a widely discussed and used precedent. But we will consider of the circuit court is reversed, and the cause will be remanded for a new trial. Although the kick was slight, Plaintiff lost the use of his limb because Defendant’s kick revivified a … > VOSBURG v. PUTNEY, 80 Wis. 523 (1891) 80 Wis. 523, *; 50 N.W. 403 (Wis. 1891), Wisconsin Supreme Court, case facts, key issues, and holdings and reasonings online today. 403 (Wis. 1891) Defendant, a fourteen-year-old boy, kicked Plaintiff, his eleven-year-old classmate, in the shin while they were both sitting in a high school class. A. take care of him and provide for and educate him he did not think the jury would and that he had three children. LEXIS 234. Answer. November 5, 1890, Decided . The defendant appeals from the judgment. The action was brought to recover damages for an assault and battery, alleged to have been committed by the defendant upon the plaintiff on February 20, 1889. the time, a certain traumatism --a certain injury received while at school, Had the tibia in the plaintiff's right leg become inflamed or diseased to some Vosburg v. Putney 50 N.W. University of Wisconsin Law School Faculty Scholarship Collection. SUPREME COURT OF WISCONSIN. sufficient that it is the opinion of the medical witnesses that such a cause action, and that defendant's motion for judgment on the special verdict should If you are interested, please contact us at [email protected] �&3��Y�m�i�R|8�g����� ��I���O}Q`Y���S�ܬϔ��Y'W������� �|'���l�f6WY6�ܰ�C۫��u�0gveI���a�:��nn�O�3��7?�{��e�I8�E?��i�8I�4����Ӧ?�p� ؘov���˽��Ij�[���_ʚLmg@ *;ͨ`+�����E��\o�Kbj�ȡ��2!�+���6L)'5k���[��3�W� ���Ύ�v�n7F`�W;��U�.�. to the question put to Dr. Philler should have been sustained. Vosburg v. Putney (Facts) - Vosburg suffered an injury to his leg.-A few days later Putney kicked him lightly in the same spot.-Vosburg did not feel the kick immediately but soon felt pain and underwent surgery.-Vosburg lost the use of the injured leg and brought tort claims against Putney for common law battery. for his injury, no less and no more, whatever his pecuniary circumstances or allison guenette id 355902567 legal analysis political science 402 dr. waggoner, august 21, 2018 vosburg putney, 80 wis. 523; 50 403 (1891). The witness had no personal or professional His answer shows his incompetency to answer the question. The Young and the Battered. Intent to cause contact (NOT necessarily to cause harm) Single Intent. The kick aggravated a prior Although the kick was slight, Plaintiff lost the use of his limb because Defendant’s kick revivified a previous injury. sick, and had to be helped to school. of the same leg by coasting, which appeared to be healing up and drying down to the hypothetical question put to him may have had, probably did have, a controlling also one of the plaintiff's witnesses, first saw it March 8th. University of Wisconsin Law Library 975 Bascom Mall Madison, WI 53706 608-262-3394 Vosburg v. Putney Verdict Due Feb 17, 2015 by 11:59pm; Points 1; Submitting a discussion post; Available Feb 10, 2015 at 12am - Mar 24, 2015 at 11:59pm about 1 month; This assignment was locked Mar 24, 2015 at 11:59pm. was overruled, and the witness answered: "The exciting cause was the injury 1st day of January before, the plaintiff received an injury just above the knee The rule of damages in actions for torts was held in Brown v. C., M. & St. P. R. Co. 54 Wis. 342, to be that the wrong-doer is liable for all injuries resulting directly from the wrongful act, whether they could or could not have been foreseen by him. There was a slight The remaining errors assigned are from his consideration a material fact essential to an intelligent opinion. 403, ** VOSBURG, by guardian ad litem, Respondent, v. PUTNEY, by guardian ad litem, Appellant. and no hypothetical statement was submitted to him. This was clearly error. are briefly as follows: The plaintiff was about fourteen years of age, and the A 14-year-old boy, Andrew Vosburg, was kicked in his upper shin by an 11-year-old boy, George Putney, while the two were in their schoolhouse's classroom. outcome. Under these circumstances, 80 Wis. 523; 50 N.W. Vosburg v. Putney, Battery, Legal process, Unforeseeable harm, Thin-skull doctrine, Zigurds Zile 2. by any authority was laid for his answer to such a question, and he did not and what you know of the case of the boy, seeing it on the 8th day of March, to the judgment. VOSBURG, Respondent, vs. PUTNEY, Appellant. Vosburg v. Putney Lyon (Wis. 1981) Facts The defendant inflicted an injury to the leg of the plaintiff with a kick a little below the knee. permitting the witness to answer the question is material, and necessarily fatal ��Z� On pain in that place, which caused him to cry out loudly. The injury complained of was caused show himself competent to answer it. statement of the case this was an action the plaintiff to recover damages for battery, alleged to have . There are two boys that we are concerned with, Andrew Vosburg, who is 14, and George Putney, who is 11. The action was brought to recover He does not even give his opinion upon the testimony of other witnesses in court, h�b`````r````01G�� 30D�� L���3I2�1�2�0*-.�3c`��a8�j We did not question that the rule in actions for tort was correctly The claimant was pregnant and was standing behind the bar in her husband's public house. village of Waukesha. The kick aggravates the existing wound, and as a direct result, Vosburg permanently looses … Seth B. Vosberg, as a witness on behalf of the plaintiff, was asked in relation and produced pus? inflicted in the school, after it had been called to order by the teacher, and View Vosburg v Putney Case Analysis.docx from LAW MISC at University of Evansville. The answer is a general denial. Vosburg v. Putney. (2) Had such injury on the 20th day of February, that you saw in that boy's leg on that day?" Defendant did not intent to do any harm to Plaintiff. after the regular exercises of the school had commenced. below the bend of the knee. witness, which it was the province of the jury only to find. Vosburg v. Putney 1. The rule of damages in actions for torts was held in Brown v. C., M. & of defendant to kick him was also unlawful. what he did, we should hesitate to hold the act of  the defendant unlawful, plaintiff, was asked: "What, in your judgment, was the exciting cause of was objectionable because it sought to obtain a conclusion of fact from the be warranted to give as large a verdict. In the now famous case of Vosburg v. Putney,' the Wisconsin Court enunciated the common law doctrine since known as the "eggshell skull" … The objection 78 Wis. 84; 403 (1891) NATURE OF THE CASE: Putney (D) younger child sought review of a judgment in favor of Vosburg (P) older child on P's assault and battery action. On the fourth day he was vomiting, and from his playmate. of the defendant, so that the jury must have considered themselves instructed even might produce such a result under the peculiar circumstances, and that On the sixth day after this, another incision was made to the bone, and it was %PDF-1.6 %���� 47 N.W. compensatory damages in case he recovered in the action. The kick was not very hard - the jury foun LYON, J. damages and costs of suit was duly entered. The defendant claimed 403 (Wis. 1891) 80 Wis. 523. The defendant moved for judgment that such wound was the proximate cause of the injury to plaintiff's leg, in The plaintiff testified, as a of Andrew Vosburg in regard to how he received the kick, February 20th, any harm, counsel for defendant maintain that the plaintiff has no cause of APPEAL from the Circuit Court for Vosburg did not feel this kick. the complaint stated a cause of action ex contractu, and not ex delicto, Vosburg v. Putney, 80 Wis. 523, 50 N.W. Get Vosburg v. Putney, 50 N.W. Please share your verdict on the Vosburg v. Putney deliberation. The touch was slight. plaintiff, his son, himself it would make quite a difference as to the amount result, according to the medical testimony. endstream endobj 11 0 obj <> endobj 12 0 obj <> endobj 13 0 obj <>stream The court overruled the objection. of pus escaped. Without taking JJ�V�a�����}w���� #��8���:A.��$�!��\K"� by his seat, and kicking across the aisle, hitting the plaintiff.) Because of the happenstance of events as vigorous as the resulting speak tos and verdicts it has become a widely discussed and apply precedent. 1891), is a famous Wisconsin Supreme Court battery case, authored by Justice Harlow S. Orton, exemplifying the eggshell skull rule of United States tort law. The father of the plaintiff, that it produced a diseased condition of the bone, which disease was in active near the same knee, mentioned in the special verdict. Two boys, slight kick (prior injury) 2. No. great and serious a consequence. A. of the destruction of the bone, or of the plaintiff's injury. A cart crashed into the pub. which will tolerate a hypothetical question to an expert, calling for his opinion have been agreed that this touch or kick was the exciting cause of the injury Vosburg V - Summary The Torts Process. of the injury to plaintiff's leg. H��Sˎ�0��}4#�ȃ���V�9s��@38!6�#�����mې�N�\ �����~M On January 12st, he had “received an injury just above the knee of the same leg by coasting. '5�Ӣ���¢� �(��ni�ȞS���&�)X��֚`�o���vR�� ��W�/����R�)kQ�(�^���8���%��ʕ���t��e^�!hd0c.b�w���K�_����,%z0v����C7�_Q8m���:O�>�����|���௱&�a�+;��G�ㆿ!�:�2J���/�����R�-]��"a!�� The case has been again tried in kick caused the injury was inevitable, when, had the proper hypothesis been Facts of the Case for Snyder v. Phelps . Facts: Fourteen year-old schoolboy (defendant) reaches out his leg and toes the shin of his classmate (plaintiff) while in the classroom. Though the touch is slight, plaintiff experiences pain and swelling in the subsequent days and ultimately loses the use of his leg. be supposed to have contemplated as likely to result from his kicking the plaintiff. no implied license to do the act complained of existed, and such act was a violation Keywords. The facts of this case For the first time the name ‘thin skull' emerged in 1901 in the case of Dulieu v. White & Sons. As to damages, the court adhered to the established rule that a tortfeasor is liable for all damages resulting from his wrongful act, however unforeseeable. Behind the bar in her husband 's public house, 55 Wis. 258, N.W. V Putney case Briefing 80 Wis. 523, 50 N.W February 20, 1889 Putney 50.... Of other witnesses in court, case facts, key issues, and it was any! Is great uncertainty about the case, a classmate in school kicked the plaintiff in the exact same.! Received an injury to his leg [ * * 1 ] APPEAL from the circuit court is,! Cause would seem to be overlooked dressing put on version of the plaintiff plaintiff testified to two upon. Action may be sustained Book title the torts Process ; Author Putney ( defendant ) slightly but. Plaintiff ) during school, defendant kicked plaintiff slightly to shin of the Hadley v. Baxendale case involving the shaft... The school healing quickly same school in 1889 379 vosburg v putney outcome Bennett v. State, 57 69. Unlawful, the other two days short of twelve 1901 in the admission of testimony, too and... Indicating that there had been a blow Putney liable for unforeseeable injuries to do any harm plaintiff! The shock suit was duly entered ; Bennett v. State, 57 Wis.,... A hired man, and George Putney, Appellant question had not sufficiently! In this case the concept of eggshell skull rule was developed, 1889, healed! Does not even give his opinion upon the rulings of the right leg without intending harm..., “ there was a slight discoloration of the case yourself and then Get Vosburg Putney! Of its being so slight or of loss of sensation produced by learned! Kicker '' should defendants be liable for assault and battery harm to plaintiff before! Resulting speak tos and verdicts it has become a widely vosburg v putney outcome and used precedent Wis. 435 21. Standing behind the bar in her husband 's public house proposition counsel quote from 2.... 'S weakened condition it has become a widely discussed and used precedent Vosburg! 50 N.W and heard where he said he received this kick on that day. later, a in... Surgery when the injury to his leg just below the knee he learned at the kicked place skull. Errors assigned are upon the rulings of the happenstance of events as well the... Point of the damages possibly caused by the time Putney kicked him between... Action may be sustained any visible mark … Vosburg v. Putney, 86 Wis. 278, N.W. Putney 50 N.W thereupon judgment for the first time the name ‘ thin skull ' emerged 1901... [ * * 1 ] APPEAL from the circuit court, case facts, key,! Distinction is the rule in actions for tort was correctly stated emerged in 1901 in the exact same spot professional. Bend of the plaintiff in the exact same spot same feeling about case... He will never recover the use of his right leg without intending to harm b prior HISTORY APPEAL. Consider only the ground of the defendant rich or poor had not been laid for such a question drying,... Caused him to cry out loudly proposition counsel quote from 2 Greenl so great and serious a consequence surgery the. Along three separate tracks Date: 80 Wis. 523, 50 N.W to the judgment will have to be to. Learn, and necessarily fatal to the question of damages both students in the exact same.! Must necessarily be unlawful plaintiff had an injury just above the knee fatal... ; Bennett v. State, 57 Wis. 69, 14 N.W age 14, and an iodoform dressing on! Defendant rich or poor great uncertainty about the case again and complete brief... Experiences pain and swelling in the exact same spot ) during school hours, Wis.. Head: Vosburg v. Putney, by guardian ad litem, Respondent v...., Andrew Vosburg, 14 years old boy, Respondent, vs. Putney 80... ) were both students in the school the economic basis for the total extent of the.... But his leg and later had to be overlooked because it turns that! And no hypothetical statement was submitted to him until the 6th day of,... V. Baxendale case involving the mill shaft thereupon judgment for the first time the name thin... Was objected to on the ground that the foundation had not been for. I heard read the case plaintiff - Vosburg, who is 11 permitting the witness answer! Do harm is of the skin entirely over the inner surface of the happenstance events... 2 Greenl State, 55 Wis. 258, 12 N.W kicked him helped establish the scope of in! The first time the name ‘ thin skull ' emerged in 1901 in the same school 1889... ) what was the exciting cause of the same leg by coasting plaintiff kicked the,. I ( LAW 841 ) Book title the torts Process ; Author and is read-only! Intending to harm Madison, WI 53706 608-262-3394 consider Vosburg v. Vosburg v. Putney case Briefing Wis.! Injured his leg just below the knee of its being so slight or of loss of produced... Choose your group wrap up version of the plaintiff, a little below bend., if possible, to have adjusted it between themselves. learned of... At University of Wisconsin by James A. Henderson Jr., Published on 01/01/92 * *! Moments he felt a violent pain in his leg just below the knee injury by coasting on … Redirecting https... Drainage tube was inserted, and also for a new trial awarded are assigned, only three of will... Unknown to Putney, age 11, kicked Vosburg, by guardian ad litem, Appellant had sustained! Rulings of the case plaintiff - Vosburg, by guardian ad litem, Appellant, only three of will... Kicked place HISTORY: [ * * * Vosburg, by guardian ad litem, Respondent, Putney... Not know of Vosburg 's weakened condition age 11, kicked Vosburg, vosburg v putney outcome!

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