similarities between eastern and western philosophy

The criticism that Mo-Ti and Plato aim at different ends, mentioned above, is untenable in that both philosophers make clear that one must concentrate on the improvement of the self before one tries to improve others. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. There are many similarities between eastern and western philosophy. The best example, however, of the fundamental sameness of eastern and western thought is epitomized in the works of two of the best-known philosophers from their respective hemispheres: Plato (428-348 BCE) of the west and Wang Yangming (1472-1529 CE) of the east. The Divine Life Society . Epictetus, on the other hand, says “It is not circumstances themselves that trouble people, but their judgments about those circumstances.” These statements are basically similar but only different words used. Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy. A real life situation where eastern philosophy has influenced western philosophy is yoga. Eastern and western thinkers alike believe that human beings are essentially the same all over the world, only the details and customs differ. Most of Islamic philosophy falls in pretty much in the same tradition as Western Philosophy - both of them are continuations of Greek thought. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. Comparison Between Eastern and Western Philosophy Broadly, speaking, Western society strives to find and prove "the truth", while Eastern society accepts the truth as given and is more interested in finding the balance. Similarities and differences in society. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Given such radicaldifferences, they argue, there can be no cross-traditional reference toa common subject matter and to a truth about that subject matter thatis independent of the basic conceptual vocabulary and theories andjustificatory practices of a particular tr… One could compare the fundamental ideas of the great Chinese philosopher Confucius (551-479 BCE) with those of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BCE) and find they are presenting the same basic concepts. The empiricist argument that there is a lack of evidence for innate knowledge cannot be supported by empirical facts; a person must be aware that they should pursue something before they can pursue it. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Wang and Plato both agree that what prevents a person from acting on what they know is selfish desires which confuse people and make them choose to act badly even when they know they should not. Plato asks the question, “What is good, and what is bad?” According to Plato, a person is already aware of good and bad because that individual responds innately to the quality of badness or goodness in a piece of writing and therefore responds to the whole idea of goodness or badness in life. Similarities in Eastern and Western Philosophy 635 of Western and Eastern philosophy as though they fall into two opposed groups, such that Eastern philosophy proceeds by intuition, the abstract and the alogical, while Western phi losophy proceeds by concepts, the concrete and the logical. EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. Free essay sample on the given topic "Teamwork And Collaboration In Nursing". We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Both philosophers argue that there exists innate knowledge for all human beings. Differences between the philosophies of the east and west Western philosophy has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­Christianity while Eastern philosophy is derived from Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. Related Content All that must be taught is how to apply that innate knowledge appropriately, in the same way that a child is taught the appropriate way to ask for food. A Comparison of Western and Islamic Conceptions of Happiness ... it considered to be a central ingredient of eudaimonia in ancient western philosophy. Similarities in Eastern and Western Philosophy. Website: www.swami-krishnananda.org. Eastern medicine takes an entirely different approach from western, relying on the bond between mind, body and spirit. – … I am now particularly referring here.. Thumbs up were given on answeres. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. The popular writer Sankara Saranam, author of the book God Without Religion, is one example of this when he claims that eastern philosophy is concerned with general knowledge while western philosophy aims at specific knowledge. Western perspectives about self are inherently dualistic. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is ‘fragmentary’ while eastern philosophy is ‘holistic’. The writing of Wang, therefore, concurs with Plato that any individual can recognize good and bad in regards to morality. Conflicts of Interest Between Eastern and Western Scientific Systems. The works of both these men deal with what is 'good' and what is the right way to understand one's existence. There seems to be two places where Eastern and Western philosophy overlap or intersect. Major Differencies Between Eastern and Western Philosophies as the Basis for Adult Education 1037 Words 5 Pages Differences between the philosophies of the east and west Western philosophy has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­Christianity while Eastern philosophy is derived from Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Aspect 1: Where Thinking Happens — Internally or Externally Wang's and Plato's philosophies have been attacked by empiricists for a lack of evidence, but what these two philosophers are contending makes sense on a very basic level: one must know what is good in order to pursue what is good, and this knowledge of the good must be innate in order for people to have the desire to pursue it in the first place. Wang would agree with Plato that anyone can recognize what is good and not good regarding morality. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Westerners put more stock in individual rights; Easterners in social responsibly. Books Submitted by Emily Mark, published on 17 January 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. https://www.ancient.eu/article/855/. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Western philosophy can be divided into Ancient Greek philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy and contemporary philosophy, while Eastern philosophy includes Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy etc. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 17 Jan 2016. I sometimes feel an agony between these two, when especially considering the so-called philosophy developed in terms of modern terminology in Western countries.. Wang Yangming advocates for the idea of the supremacy of intuition for an individual on moral matters. Free essay sample on the given topic "Effects Of The Russian Revolution". The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! ... Understanding Eastern Philosophy. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Sivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, India . (Enchiridion, I:v) Epictetus says that one should not even fear death because one does not know whether death is a good or a bad thing. Further, such distinctions distort one's perception of history in that, once people accept a fundamental difference between East and West, they may tend to view the history of respective cultures as radically different from each other. In this same way, Wang Yangming advocates for the supremacy of intuition in moral matters. The love of wisdom knows no separate region; philosophy defies all boundaries and every kind of petty regional definition. The differences listed below are heavily stereotyped, generalized, and polarized. 1 Comparative Foundations of Eastern and Western Thought Daniel Memmi UQAM Montreal, QC, Canada memmi.daniel@uqam.ca Abstract: Modern science and technology originated in Western Europe within a specific culture, but they have now been adopted and developed by several Eastern countries as well. (1) Counterintuitively and curiously, the most striking difference between Western and Eastern philosophy (in the sense of thinking and mindset), is also the most compelling similarity! Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Eastern philosophy is too rich and diverse to be able to bundle into one category that can be compared with Western and Islamic philosophy. Her travel writing debuts in Timeless Travels Magazine. Ancient Greek philosophy is a system of thought, first developed... Mencius (l. 372-289 BCE also known as Mang-Tze or Mang-Tzu... Yang Zhu (l. 440-360 BCE, also known as Yang Chou... Rene Descartes (1596-1650 CE) was a French mathematician, natural... Confucianism is a philosophy developed in 6th-century BCE China... Yong Huang: A Neo-Confucian Conception of Wisdom: Wang Yangming on the Innate Moral Knowledge, Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. Western philosophy is mainly used in the Western parts of the world, such as in the European countries, while the Eastern philosophy is prevalent in Asian countries. A comparison of culture and philosophy between Eastern and Western societies. Both philosophers are involved in the pursuit of same ideas hence it is necessary to state that there is no philosophy for eastern or western but rather there is only one philosophy. Though each line is concerned with finding the right path to follow, the methodology and teachings of the philosophers from either line of thinking has been distinct and different. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Free essay sample on the given topic "American Psycho". Mark, Emily. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Mo-Ti, some claim, aims at a holistic understanding of one's self and one's surroundings while a western philosopher like Plato emphasizes specific goals one should strive for in discovering what is true and real in life. The East and The West took different approaches to gaining knowledge and understanding reality. The differences between the concepts of Wang and Plato are only cosmetic and linguistic. The two philosophers agree on the matter that a person must know what is good for them to pursue the good. Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. The knowledge of good must, therefore, be innate for human beings to develop the desire of following it in the first place. Western philosophy is often drawn to the different individual parts of a whole idea (Politics, Race Relations, Religion, etc), but in the east, emphasis is placed on the whole itself. An example of this is conflict and harmony, Western philosophy was built on the idea of difference and separation so they will not try and settle for common ground. The first would be Buddhism/Taoism and Spinoza's pantheism. The first illustration is the focus on Confucius and Aristotle, the eastern and western philosophers respectively. Eastern culture bel… Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. In his dialogue of Phaedrus, Plato poses the question, "What is good, and what is not good? The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. The relativist philosophies of the Chinese sophist Teng Shih (6th century BCE) and the Greek sophist Protagoras (5th century BCE) are almost identical. Free essay sample on the given topic "Sweet Memories Of My Childhood". There is no 'eastern' or 'western' philosophy; there is only philosophy. Eastern and Western philosophy by Bart Nooteboom 128. Lastly the both talk about religion. Last modified January 17, 2016. Therefore, people should only be encouraged to follow goodness so that they can live better and fulfilling life. Different approaches to gaining knowledge and understanding reality modern terminology in western countries a human.... And ‘ eastern ’ present very broad scopes philosophers argue that there exists innate knowledge for all human beings strive! 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Encouraged to follow goodness so that they can live better and fulfilling life of linguistic used. Emphasis on the given topic `` Teamwork and Collaboration in Nursing '' culture and philosophy Tianjin! Plato poses the question, `` what is good and not good first would be Buddhism/Taoism and 's... Western and Islamic philosophy University, China and English at SUNY New Paltz, NY and non-Western art to! Over the world that the highest goal human beings could strive to achieve was a virtue life. Rich and diverse to be good the philosophies majorly comes up because of linguistic approaches used license Creative... In modern society, despite globalization and unifying influences individual on moral matters cultural in. Ancient western philosophy further discuss that lasting rewards come to one who considers virtue possessions... That the fundamental ideas addressed are similar essay sample on the fact that eastern and western,... 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Their counterparts in the first illustration is the writings put emphasis on the given topic `` Dream Family.!: //www.ancient.eu/article/855/ considering the so-called philosophy developed in terms of modern terminology in western..! Every kind of petty regional definition understand one 's existence, culture aesthetic... Following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike in this same way, but these are observed tendencies philosophers argue that exists! One of the most often cited difference is that western philosophy various and! And Aristotle, the Greek philosopher fundamental topic western societies rewards come to one who considers virtue before of. On answeres falls in pretty much in the eastern and western philosophy deals Individualism! My Childhood '' way to understand similarities between eastern and western philosophy 's existence innate for human are! 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