The rhizomes are light colored, thick (1/8-1/4 inch in diameter), sometimes scaley, and always with a very prominent node-internode pattern (Figure 4). Cogongrass seedheads are quite conspicuous and most often seen in the spring months. There are other grasses that may possess one or two of these characteristics but cogongrass will generally exhibit all the traits listed. The root bark is febrifuge, restorative and tonic. Cogon Grass just as Giant King Grass is renewable. Family Poaceae . , Cogongrass is difficult to contain mainly because it is highly adaptive to harsher environments, establishing itself on soils low in fertility. They can penetrate up to 1.2 m (3.9 ft) deep, but 0.4 m (1.3 ft) is typical in sandy soil. , Cogongrass has an extensive rhizome network, the biomass of which accounts for 60% of the total biomass of the plant. Imazapyr can enter plants through root or foliar absorption and it is active in the soil for a considerable amount of time. This is very invasive in the S.E. Just because cogongrass is not new doesn’t mean we can forget about it. Cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used for identification. treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used by landowners. Control strategies for cogongrass vary considerably by location/situation. How Imperata Cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. The leaves are woven to make mats, bags and raincoats. Noteworthy Characteristics. Latin name: Imperata cylindrica. , In addition to outcompeting species for resources, the grass also exhibits allelopathic tendencies. Cogon grass paper-making requires soda ash to break down the fibers. It is not uncommon to see hillsides of cogongrass on fire. , A common expression in the Philippines is ningas cogon ('cogon brush fire'). Cogon grass is being used for grass rooftops of traditional homes throughout Asia and on some of the traditional African homes. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. Imperata cylindrica was first described by Linnaeus in 1759 under the basionym Lagurus cylindricus. Figure 3. This is hot enough to kill most competing plants, including trees. Botanical name – Imperata cylindrica Common name – cogongrass Family – Poaceae Type – Grass. Cogongrass is used as a soil binder (to prevent soil erosion), animal feed, and herbal medicine. Considering the level of difficulty it is important to get the absolute most efficacy possible out of each application. Because of its density and high biomass, cogongrass provides a very high fuel load, enabling wildfires to burn faster, higher, and much hotter. A lush summer perennial, Imperata cylindrica ‘Red Baron’ really makes a stand against other grasses with the intriguing shape and color of its leaves. Cogon grass is also nutritionally very poor, only 7% crude protein. Cogongrass spreads very effectively via fragmented rhizomes. Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds (Hubbard et al., 1944). Genus Imperata are deciduous, rhizomatous perennial grasses, with flat linear leaves which sometimes are brightly coloured and, occasionally, narrow silvery flowering panicles in late summer Imperata cylindrica is the most morphologically variable species in … Include an 80/20 NIS (Non-ionic surfactant) at 0.25% to 0.5% v/v (10-20 mL of NIS per gallon of spray solution). Currently, the most effective herbicides used to control growth are glyphosate and imazapyr. It is a serious pest throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world and is ranked as the seventh most troublesome weed Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica).  It failed to prevent erosion because of how weedy it was and animals wouldn't eat it as fodder. • Characteristics and management of Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel in smallholder farms in developing countries, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 7% aim to utilize the use of dried Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as a substituting agent and a thickener for gypsum boards. Hurricane Ivan brought it to my property and it is quite intrenched in my flower bed area as well as nearby lawn.  Other common names in English include kunai grass, blady grass, satintail, spear grass, sword grass, thatch grass, alang-alang, lalang grass, cotton wool grass, and kura-kura among other names. Once established it often forms dense monocultures. The graders inadvertently break rhizomes as they go along and the fragments are “planted” in the re-deposited soil. Wunderlin, R. P., and B. F. Hansen. The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. Slow down and be sure every leaf is covered thoroughly but not to the point of runoff. Imperata cylindrica, a few key facts. What to use to kill Cogongrass? Names of Imperata Cylindrica in various languages of the world are also given. , The species is most commonly known in English as "cogongrass", from Spanish cogón, from the Tagalog and Visayan kugon. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that is somewhat variable in appearance (Ladion, 2000). The chemicals it releases as well as the dense mat of vegetation that usually accompanies a cogongrass invasion gives it an advantage over indigenous plants.. Why is cogon grass invasive? 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