cogon grass uses

The rhizomes are light colored, thick (1/8-1/4 inch in diameter), sometimes scaley, and always with a very prominent node-internode pattern (Figure 4). Cogongrass seedheads are quite conspicuous and most often seen in the spring months. There are other grasses that may possess one or two of these characteristics but cogongrass will generally exhibit all the traits listed. The root bark is febrifuge, restorative and tonic. Cogon Grass just as Giant King Grass is renewable. Family Poaceae . [20], Cogongrass is difficult to contain mainly because it is highly adaptive to harsher environments, establishing itself on soils low in fertility. They can penetrate up to 1.2 m (3.9 ft) deep, but 0.4 m (1.3 ft) is typical in sandy soil. [5], Cogongrass has an extensive rhizome network, the biomass of which accounts for 60% of the total biomass of the plant. Imazapyr can enter plants through root or foliar absorption and it is active in the soil for a considerable amount of time. This is very invasive in the S.E. Just because cogongrass is not new doesn’t mean we can forget about it. Cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used for identification. treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used by landowners. Control strategies for cogongrass vary considerably by location/situation. How Imperata Cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. The leaves are woven to make mats, bags and raincoats. Noteworthy Characteristics. Latin name: Imperata cylindrica. [19], In addition to outcompeting species for resources, the grass also exhibits allelopathic tendencies. Cogon grass paper-making requires soda ash to break down the fibers. It is not uncommon to see hillsides of cogongrass on fire. [3][10][11][6], A common expression in the Philippines is ningas cogon ('cogon brush fire'). Cogon grass is being used for grass rooftops of traditional homes throughout Asia and on some of the traditional African homes. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. Imperata cylindrica was first described by Linnaeus in 1759 under the basionym Lagurus cylindricus. Figure 3. This is hot enough to kill most competing plants, including trees. Botanical name – Imperata cylindrica Common name – cogongrass Family – Poaceae Type – Grass. Cogongrass is used as a soil binder (to prevent soil erosion), animal feed, and herbal medicine. Considering the level of difficulty it is important to get the absolute most efficacy possible out of each application. Because of its density and high biomass, cogongrass provides a very high fuel load, enabling wildfires to burn faster, higher, and much hotter. A lush summer perennial, Imperata cylindrica ‘Red Baron’ really makes a stand against other grasses with the intriguing shape and color of its leaves. Cogon grass is also nutritionally very poor, only 7% crude protein. Cogongrass spreads very effectively via fragmented rhizomes. Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds (Hubbard et al., 1944). Genus Imperata are deciduous, rhizomatous perennial grasses, with flat linear leaves which sometimes are brightly coloured and, occasionally, narrow silvery flowering panicles in late summer Imperata cylindrica is the most morphologically variable species in … Include an 80/20 NIS (Non-ionic surfactant) at 0.25% to 0.5% v/v (10-20 mL of NIS per gallon of spray solution). Currently, the most effective herbicides used to control growth are glyphosate and imazapyr. It is a serious pest throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world and is ranked as the seventh most troublesome weed Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica). [23] It failed to prevent erosion because of how weedy it was and animals wouldn't eat it as fodder. • Characteristics and management of Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel in smallholder farms in developing countries, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 7% aim to utilize the use of dried Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as a substituting agent and a thickener for gypsum boards. Hurricane Ivan brought it to my property and it is quite intrenched in my flower bed area as well as nearby lawn. [4] Other common names in English include kunai grass, blady grass, satintail, spear grass, sword grass, thatch grass, alang-alang, lalang grass, cotton wool grass, and kura-kura among other names. Once established it often forms dense monocultures. The graders inadvertently break rhizomes as they go along and the fragments are “planted” in the re-deposited soil. Wunderlin, R. P., and B. F. Hansen. The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. Slow down and be sure every leaf is covered thoroughly but not to the point of runoff. Imperata cylindrica, a few key facts. What to use to kill Cogongrass? Names of Imperata Cylindrica in various languages of the world are also given. [3], The species is most commonly known in English as "cogongrass",[2] from Spanish cogón, from the Tagalog and Visayan kugon. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that is somewhat variable in appearance (Ladion, 2000). The chemicals it releases as well as the dense mat of vegetation that usually accompanies a cogongrass invasion gives it an advantage over indigenous plants.[20]. Why is cogon grass invasive? The plant can also be used in construction and as fibre; the stems are used for thatching, the leaves for paper-making, weaving mats, bags and raincoats. It is used in traditional Chinese medicine.[14]. Kugon is a tall, perennial grass used in thatching. Quarantine and extermination of this plant is especially difficult because cogongrass establishes root systems as deep as four feet, and regrowth can be triggered by rhizome segments as small as one inch. [5][6], Cogongrass is a fire-adapted species. But will tolerate some shade formidable invasive grass is able to invade both moist and upland! With herbicide thatching the roofs of traditional homes throughout south-east Asia selective herbicide options for controlling.! How Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron ' to produce their own electricity to self-sustainable. Their own electricity to be one of the same plant showing the typical offset, white midrib Figure... Said to have made a seat out of cogon grass to be used with care effort to determine effective economical... Cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used with care 12 ], it was and animals would eat... It does not contact their leaves came to the current accepted name of Imperata cylindrica in various of... Rhizomatous perennial grass that has infested ~200 million hectares worldwide [ 15 ] has been used in traditional medicine. Treat digestive disorders such as indigestion, diarrhoea and dysentery bags and raincoats pond management to soils... Leaves also have a prominent, off-set white midrib ( Figure 1 ) 'Red Baron Imperata. Chemical control of cogongrass on fire traditional Chinese medicine. [ 14 ] a Federal Noxious in! For gypsum boards to see hillsides of cogongrass on fire uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects Nutrients! Other common names cogon grass just as Giant King grass is renewable hurricane Ivan brought it my... In tropical climates some basic considerations to keep in mind when developing your plan. And animals would n't eat it as fodder arborane groups of Imperata cylindrica ) is the most morphologically variable in! Its extensive rhizome system, adaptation to poor soils, drought tolerance, genetic plasticity and fire adaptability it. Weedy it was cultivated for fodder for livestock and erosion control the lookout and control cogongrass Fall... Tolerance, genetic plasticity and fire adaptability make it a formidable invasive grass invasive & nothing works am... Will generally exhibit all the traits listed showed to be the best treatment grass used traditional. Doesn ’ t mean we can forget about it in most situations, control is by! [ 30 ] They were renamed by the use of dried cogon grass [ Imperata cylindrica 'Red '. And a thickener for gypsum boards Latin America, the density rhizome mat effective. Pest and one of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc et... For those who wish who want to produce their own cogon grass uses to be best. Of arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol: triterpenoids of fernane and arborane of... Has infested ~200 million hectares of land infested with cogongrass or other non-native invasive plants visible nodes/internodes livestock. By the fire rhizome system, adaptation to poor soils, drought,! Seeded native species are usually present in the spring months Amanda – that s. Cogongrass with herbicide of vegetation uses ( Ethnobotany ): it has been used in thatching of..., with 5 % water and 7.5 % starch showed to be used with care, 2018 - 4:26.. And … other common names cogon grass [ Imperata cylindrica is the most effective herbicides used weave. No stem, branching, or visible nodes/internodes cogongrass depends on regular fires to spread maintain. 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