eastern white pine uses

Uses. The lower branches are retained making white pine an excellent candidate for specimen use, although group plantings with trees spaced 15 to 25 feet apart add a soft accent to any landscape. White pine has been used for furniture and large-frame buildings in the northern United States and Canada since that time. Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)Family Pinaceae. The resin was used by First Nations to seal the seams in canoes; later, pine resins became the source of industrial products such as pitch and turpentine. Is widely used as a Christmas tree. Today the lumber is used for making toys, boxes, cabinet work, and other similar items (2). Pine tar mixed with Sulfur is used to treat Dandruff. Eastern white pine seeds are favored by black bears, rabbits, red squirrels and many birds, especially red crossbills. Strobus Species: P. strobus Binomial name Pinus strobus L. Pinus strobus, commonly denominated the eastern white pine, northern white pine, white pine, Weymouth pine, and soft pine is a lar Pitch can be obtained f… While potentially damaging to the trees, the bark is eaten by mammals such as beavers, snowshoe hares, porcupines, rabbits and mice. Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, yellow, in clusters near branch tips; females light green, tinged in red, at ends of branches. Pitch can be obtained f… True pine has a Janka rating of 1570, Carribean heart pine is 1280, red pine is 1630, longleaf southern yellow pine is 870, both shortleaf and loblolly southern yellow pine are 690, white pine is 420, and eastern white pine ranks in at 380 to give a few specific numbers. Eastern White Pine is especially popular in the Northeast, since it’s grown locally, and therefore its environmental footprint is smaller than when shipping in other species of wood grown farther away. They prefer some sun and some shade and acidic soil. It is no surprise that Eastern White Pine has long been an American favorite, it is a light wood with a straight grain that is easily workable. Pine needles can be dried and ground into smaller parts for tea. Common names are from state and federal lists. Uses for Eastern White Pine Carpentry. Planted 8 to 15 feet apart they are one of only a few pines which makes a nice hedge or screen of soft foliage. The inner bark, resin, needles and roots all have specific health purposes. Eastern White Pine is one of the most common and widely used woods for different uses in the northeast United States. We will primarily be discussing Douglas fir vs. yellow pine, as it is one of the most commonly available and popular wood types with woodworkers.The hardness and strength factors will differ a bit if you are considering Douglas fir vs. eastern white pine or Ponderosa pine vs. Douglas fir. Works well for windbreaks. Crates and boxes may also be made out of white pine. Uses: White pine has historically been one of the most valuable lumber trees. The knotty look or Eastern White Pine makes it perfect for pine paneling, siding, sheds, gazebos, fences, and other outdoor home uses. Eastern white pine has been intimately associated with New England since the Pilgrims landed in 1620 . Today the main uses for this tree are for furniture and Christmas Trees. It has soft, light wood which warps and checks less than many other species. White pine needles help fight disease. Christmas tree and ornamental: White pine is used White pine kitchen cabinets (13). The Eastern White Pine is one of the most important timber trees in the Northeast. White pine continues to serve as a valuable type of lumber. Habitat: Very widespread in Massachusetts and New England. The properties of this lumber make it less likely to warp and shrink than other types of wood. The bark has a strong resistance to fire. The blue-green needles are extremely rich in vitamin C. The soft inner bark of Eastern White Pine, which is said to have a taste that is both bitter and sweet, was separated from the outer bark and hung in strips to dry. White pine is often used as construction lumber and for building boats. While it does best in moist soil, the tree can has been known to tolerate everything from dry, rocky ridges to bogs. It is used for doors, moldings, trim, siding, paneling, cabinet work, and furniture [ 20, 68 ]. The soft wood is of medium strength, easily worked, and stains and finishes well. Quinquefoliae Subsection P. subsect. The Iroquois and Micmac tribes used it as a panacea, finding its inner bark and resins to be a healing wonder for coughs, bronchitis, laryngitis and chest congestion. Uses Eastern White Pine is a highly valuable and important native timber tree in the Eastern United States. Eastern white pine Group of Pinus strobus trees Conservation status Least Concern Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Division: Pinophyta Class: Pinopsida Order: Pinales Family: Pinaceae Genus: Pinus Subgenus: P. subg. Attributes This tree: Transplants easily. Eastern White Pine Swatch Book This unique informational marketing item takes on the look and size of a paint swatch, utilizing the same high-quality images…. In addition, the tree is used in Christmas tree plantations, as ornamental plants, and as a windbreak or screen. The lower branches are retained making white pine an excellent candidate for specimen use, although group plantings with trees spaced 15 to 25 feet apart add a soft accent to any landscape. The wood is used for construction, millwork, trim, and pulpwood. Eastern White Pine needles are rich in Vitamin C. Traditionally, it is used as a medicinal resource. During colonial times white pine was used to build homes and ships. True pine has a Janka rating of 1570, Carribean heart pine is 1280, red pine is 1630, longleaf southern yellow pine is 870, both shortleaf and loblolly southern yellow pine are 690, white pine is 420, and eastern white pine ranks in at 380 to give a few specific numbers. East and Northeast: White pine, red pine, Eastern white cedar. When Europeans first arrived in America, they reportedly followed the wisdom of the natives and drank tea made with Eastern White Pine needles to ward off disease. Particularly the Royal Navy exploited the Eastern White Pine when they were the strongest navy in the world. Crates and boxes may also be made out of white pine. This softwood has a soft to medium density that makes it easy to work with for carpenters, home building and outdoor builders. Pine Tar decoction is used to remove Tapeworms. Rolling forests of Eastern White Pine stretch from North Carolina to the extreme eastern edge of the Continental Shelf and all the states inbetween, including our own great state of Massachusetts. Eastern White Pine is as American as apple pie. I prefer to work with the needles and thin twigs together, as pictured. It is used extensively for furniture because it is very easy to carve and the Eastern White Pine has less resin than other pines. Planted 8 to 15 feet apart they are one of only a few pines which makes a nice hedge or screen of soft foliage. White pine is often used as construction lumber and for building boats. White pine firewood is not a good choice for indoor fireplaces due to the high amount of creosote, but it is a good choice for outdoor burning! American settlements were forced further into the land whilst looking for Eastern White Pine to send to Britain, all the while building with the durable, amply available and easily workable wood. Pine needles contain a … This wood is also used for interior millwork and for carving. The western white pine is an ornamental species of tree that is blessed with an incredible endurance capacity. Uses: Eastern White Pine is the most common craft wood in my area. In addition to its prized uses as a building material, and its beauty in the landscape, Eastern White Pine (pinus strobus) is a valuable medicinal plant and even a source of food. Eastern White Pine is one of the most common and widely used woods for different uses … Eastern White Pine’s Uses as a Healing Natural Medicine. Pine was common and easy to cut, thus many colonial homes used pine for paneling, floors, and furniture. The appealing use as medicine and food is, to us, the most outstanding. It is good lumber for toys, boxes, cabinet work, and similar items. Part Used: Needles, Resin/ Sap/ Pitch, Inner Bark. Most conifers are safe to experiment with tea preparations, but there are three you must avoid! Quinquefoliae Subsection: P. subsect. Scientific Classification Kingdom Plantae Division Pinophyta Class Pinopsida Order Pinales Family Pinaceae Genus Pinus Subgenus P. subg. The straight and even grain and medium texture of white pine make it ideal for working with both machine and hand tools. EASTERN WHITE PINE Pinus stobus L. Plant Symbol = PIST Contributed by: USDA NRCS New York State Office Uses Timber: The wood of white pine is light, durable, and easy to work. In an article on the Rural Vermont website, writer Euell Gibbons details his own efforts to replicate this ‘famine bread,’ reporting that while it’s edible and nutritious, its flavor might be an acquired taste. Introduction: Eastern white pine's graceful habit and long, evergreen needles give this tree a soft look. This wood is very accessible. The white pine has been one of the most important timber species in the eastern United States since the European colonization of North America. New shoots of white pine can be peeled and candied, boiling them until tender in plain water, and then boiling again for twenty minutes in a syrup made of half sugar, half water. Pine nuts were made into a paste consistency and added to soups for infants and adults. Learn how to make pine pitch salve at Bear Medicine Herbals. White pine is considered to be the largest pine in the United States. Strobus Section: P. sect. Today these works are The flexible, resilient quality of pine molding allows it to bend slightly to fit imperfections and crooked walls. Old-growth pine in the Americas was a highly desired wood since huge, knot-free boards were the rule rather than the exception. White Pine Firewood. It is great when the infection seems just 'stuck' and with thick, hardened phlegm. The straight and even grain and medium texture of white pine make it ideal for working with both machine and hand tools. eastern white pine Pinaceae Pinus strobus L. symbol: PIST Leaf: Evergreen needles, 3 to 5 inches long, with five, slender, flexible needles per fascicle; fascicle sheath deciduous, needles appear blue-green because of 3 or more glaucous lines of stomata. Its creamy white straw-like color has occasional orangish growth rings giving it a beautiful contrast and traditional outdoorsy look. The Eastern White Pine is one of the most important timber trees in the Northeast. It is a large pine tree with historical significance as the Iroquois (Native American Haudenosaunee) considered it as the “Tree of Peace” and chose it as a symbol for the unity of the Iroquois Confederacy. This majestic tree has a long history of applications for all manner of physical ills, and modern herbalists still consider it to be an excellent remedy for coughs … The quality of the wood and the long straight stems have made it ideal for many uses, particularly as shingles and ship masts. White pine needles (Pinus strobus) – The White Pine is a tree with much folklore attached to it. White Pine is a superb drawing agent and its resins act to draw out stagnant mucus by … Eastern White Pine Eastern White Pine is a tree native to eastern North America. The eastern white pine, Pinus strobus, has the distinction of being the tallest tree in eastern North America. Dee… It is a large pine tree with historical significance as the Iroquois (Native American Haudenosaunee) considered it as the “Tree of Peace” and chose it as a symbol for the unity of the Iroquois Confederacy. Modern Treehouse Explores the Beauty of Wood, How the Eastern White Pine Became Michigan’s State Tree, Everybody’s Going to be DIY Remodeling in 2021, Forest Products Can Help Tackle Both Disease and Climate Change, Cave-Like Hotel Features a Sculptural All-Wood Interior, A Swatch Book of Eastern White Pine Grades. The intricacy required for carpentry is best served by White Pine as it can be easily carved, which is undoubtedly why it is the most commonly used wood for wood working, cabinetry, furniture building, woodenwares and more. This plant has no children Legal Status. They can be ground down to use in baking or cooking. Comments: Eastern White Pine is one of the most common and widely used timbers for construction lumber in the northeast United States. White pine was once the dominant tree in its range and the tallest native tree in eastern North America. Eastern White Pine produces a sap that is naturally antibacterial, hence its historic use as a wound treatment. It is relatively cheap and easily available, from very knotty to totally clear. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common Uses: Crates, boxes, interior millwork, construction lumber, carving, and boatbuilding. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : Eastern white pine is a valuable timber species in the eastern United States and Canada. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Once used as a seemingly endless supply of timber for the construction of houses, barns and stables, its many fine characteristics soon became apparent. Eastern white pine has been intimately associated with New England since the Pilgrims landed in 1620 . - click to play video - Practically all of this pine is converted into lumber. Although the inner and outer park can be used as a food source this is only in a survival situation. Woodlands, forest edges, yards, parks, old meadows. In addition, white pine finishes attractively. In the 18th century, huge stands of white pine forest were reserved exclusively for use by the British Royal Navy, according to the Gymnosperm Database. For outdoor uses most home owners are looking for an easily workable wood that has the traditional New England outdoor look, at a good price, hence the use of pine. eastern white pine Pinaceae Pinus strobus L. symbol: PIST Leaf: Evergreen needles, 3 to 5 inches long, with five, slender, flexible needles per fascicle; fascicle sheath deciduous, needles appear blue-green because of 3 or more glaucous lines of stomata. This majestic tree has a long history of applications for all manner of physical ills, and modern herbalists still consider it to be an excellent remedy for coughs and colds. Once established, the needles will not scorch in full sun, ensuring the best color in the landscape. Practically all of this pine is converted into lumber. Due to its easily workable nature Eastern White Pine is ideal for carpentry work, work that requires pliable movement and a wood light enough to easily mount. Eastern White Pine: is a beautiful tree many people use between properties for privacy rather than a fence. The physical proximity and abundance makes it the most popular choice for Massachusetts home interior finishes for things like interior trim, window sashes, door frames, banisters, and other home finishes. Its affordability is another quality that makes it popular amongst home finishers and carpenters as many go through large quantities of wood to reach the final product. White pine is the least resinous of all the pine species, lacking the pitch pockets found on other pine varieties. A batch of pine needle tea yields shikimic acid which is the basis for "Tamiflu," one of the drugs recommended by the CDC to fight the flu. Eastern White Pine also provides good lumber for toys, boxes, cabinet work, and similar items. Nails penetrate pine molding easily, and it's easy to patch, sand and finish. The candied shoots are then rolled in granulated sugar. Eastern White Pine Eastern White Pine is a tree native to eastern North America. Outdoor Finishes. White pine is used for items such as carvings, molding, millwork, trim, boards for boxes, crates and specialty items such as knotty pine paneling, cabinetry and furniture. White pine needles (Pinus strobus) – The White Pine is a tree with much folklore attached to it. Eastern white pine also had many non-medicinal uses beyond the obvious one of providing wood. They put this peaceful fine textured soft wood with a pumpkin colored heart to use building fine furniture, flooring and architectural paneling. It has also been used for doors, moldings, trim, and paneling. What makes this pale softwood ideal for this type of building? Used by Native Americans for centuries as a staple in a shaman’s “first aid kit”, mythical stories and folk remedies abound about this lovely needle tea , with vast restorative properties. Dee… In times of great hunger, this bark was pounded into a flour that is still considered to be an excellent survival food to this day. Primeval white pine forests towered to 250 feet when Europeans first discovered this bountiful resource. The wood is used for construction, millwork, trim, and pulpwood. White pine firewood is not a good choice for indoor fireplaces due to the high amount of creosote, but it is a good choice for outdoor burning! Historically this tree is known for many uses including ship masts; today, it is used in construction and in carpentry. Tedd Benson wrote a book (The Timber Frame Home, 1997). 1. The white pine has been one of the most important timber species in the eastern United States since the European colonization of North America. Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, yellow, in clusters near branch tips; females light green, tinged in red, at ends of branches. There are 80 or more commercial wood species in the United States and Canada that can be and have been used for constructing log structures. EASTERN WHITE PINE Pinus stobus L. Plant Symbol = PIST Contributed by: USDA NRCS New York State Office Uses Timber: The wood of white pine is light, durable, and easy to work. Current findings and new possilbilities Regarded by many as one of the best of the golden white pines, Pinus strobus 'Louie' (Eastern White Pine) is an evergreen conifer of broad upright pyramidal habit covered with soft, fine, attractive golden foliage. Its wood is light, durable, and easy to work; it stains and finished well. White pine continues to serve as a valuable type of lumber. The eastern white pine is a North American native, growing across eastern Canada from Newfoundland to Manitoba. They put this peaceful fine textured soft wood with a pumpkin colored heart to use building fine furniture, flooring and architectural paneling. History and traditional uses First Nations considered both the resin and needles to have medicinal value. Today the lumber is used for making toys, boxes, cabinet work, and other similar items (2). This is no surprise since it helped form our country and landscape since the last Ice Age. It's used for window and door frames, baseboards, cabinet trim, fascia, profiled moldings such as chair rail and picture frame, crown molding and brick mold. Uses Eastern White Pine is a highly valuable and important native timber tree in the Eastern United States. Its wood is light, durable, and easy to work; it stains and finished well. White pine is used for items such as carvings, molding, millwork, trim, boards for boxes, crates and specialty items such as knotty pine paneling, cabinetry and furniture. Interior Finishes. White pines grow in a nice oval shape and grow around 24 inches per year. They use pine needles for sewing, resins as cement, and the nuts as food and decoration. Eastern White Pine is one of the most popular choices, found in heavy timber frame construction all over the United States and beyond. The beautiful coniferous tree has an open crown. In colonial times, white pines above 24 inches in diameter were reserved for England to be used as ships masts. It is native in only a few counties in Hoosierland, a few in northwestern Indiana, some more in the rugged west central Hoosier counties where you can also find the hemlock tree growing, and some other counties in southern Indiana. Today these works are The soft wood is of medium strength, easily worked, and stains and finishes well. EasternWhitePine.org covers news and resources related to eastern white pine, the industry, people and technology that make it a sustainable design option. In addition, white pine finishes attractively. Herb: White Pine Latin name: Pinus strobus Family: Pinaceae (Pine Family) Medicinal use of White Pine: White pine was employed medicinally by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its antiseptic and vulnerary qualities, using it extensively in the treatment of skin complaints, wounds, burns, boils etc. Our country was built with pine after the wood became extremely popular in Britain to become one of the first American exported resources. The properties of this lumber make it less likely to warp and shrink than other types of wood. During colonial times white pine was used to build homes and ships. It is used for doors, moldings, trim, siding, paneling, cabinet work, and furniture [ 20, 68 ]. Shiplap Barn Siding at WR Robinson Lumber Co. The pine trees play an important part in the domestic life of the Indian. First of all, it is important to know that there are a number of varieties of pine. It is a truly magnificent tree attaining a height of 80 feet or more at maturity with a diameter of two to three feet. It also relaxes by soothing, cooling and calming irritated and inflamed sinuses and lungs. Herb: White Pine Latin name: Pinus strobus Family: Pinaceae (Pine Family) Medicinal use of White Pine: White pine was employed medicinally by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its antiseptic and vulnerary qualities, using it extensively in the treatment of skin complaints, wounds, burns, boils etc. Fittingly, the tree trunks were prized to use for ship masts, particularly from 1652 to 1775. Its cones are also quite large and are said to look like the index finger of a person but are much longer. My research led me to white over red pine, but I can't recall why. Interior finishes require a light yet durable wood that can be easily worked and is affordable in price, which is why Eastern White Pine is the most popular for interior home finishes. Don't pick poisonous pines! Pinus strobus L. – eastern white pine Subordinate Taxa. These are the most commonly used species because they are readily available and reasonably priced. It has also been used for doors, moldings, trim, and paneling. In addition, the tree is used in Christmas tree plantations, as ornamental plants, and as a windbreak or screen. Once highly prized for use as ship masts because of its straight, tall, clear trunk, it's modern uses include trim, doors, lumber, paneling, Christmas tree products, pulpwood, veneer, and. This wood is also used for interior millwork and for carving. Once used as a seemingly endless supply of timber for the construction of houses, barns and stables, its many fine characteristics soon became apparent. It has long needles that are often inches in length and are an attractive blue-green color. About 70 cultivars have been developed for commercial use. Pine sap can be used as a source of nutrients as well. Once highly prized for use as ship masts because of its straight, tall, clear trunk, it's modern uses include trim, doors, lumber, paneling, Christmas tree products, pulpwood, veneer, and. Christmas tree and ornamental: White pine is used occasionally in Christmas tree plantations and as It is used extensively for furniture because it is very easy to carve and the Eastern White Pine has less resin than other pines. The queen of our Indiana pine trees is the eastern white pine. WHITE PINE WOOD When the early colonists settled North America they were greeted by magnificent old growth Eastern White Pine. by yptaccess | Jan 20, 2013 | Eastern White Pine. The long and thin needles remain brightly colored throughout the year. Strobus Section P. sect. For these reasons, eastern white is used extensively in all areas of woodworking, cabinets, scrollsaw & craft work, folk art and even wood turning for table legs. The wood is adapted to a variety of uses to include cabinets, interior finish, and carving. Today the main uses for this tree are for furniture and Christmas Trees. He discusses oak, eastern white pine, shortleaf and longleaf pine, Douglas fir, Sitka spruce, and white spruce as being commonly used for timber frames, but doesn't discuss what to … The popularity of Eastern White Pine is long-standing due to its multitude of uses that includes: carpentry (cabinet making, furniture, woodenware, etc), interior finishes (interior trim, window sashes, door frames, and more), outdoor home finishes (pine paneling, siding, sheds, gazebos, fences and the like) and of course wide plank flooring. White pine is the least resinous of all the pine species, lacking the pitch pockets found on other pine varieties. It is considered one of the most attractive evergreens and is … WHITE PINE WOOD When the early colonists settled North America they were greeted by magnificent old growth Eastern White Pine. The inner bark of the tree is Expectorant in nature. Used by Native Americans for centuries as a staple in a shaman’s “first aid kit”, mythical stories and folk remedies abound about this lovely needle tea , with vast restorative properties. Particularly the Royal Navy exploited the Eastern White Pine when they were the strongest navy in the world. Designed by: Incloud Design© | Find us on: Google+©. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : Eastern white pine is a valuable timber species in the eastern United States and Canada. The eastern white pine grows in acidic, moist, well-drained and dry soils. The eastern white pine can grow to be a very large tree, up to 120 feet in height with a large diameter. It is good lumber for toys, boxes, cabinet work, and similar items. In addition to its prized uses as a building material, and its beauty in the landscape, Eastern White Pine (pinus strobus) is a valuable medicinal plant and even a source of food. Eastern White Pine also provides good lumber for toys, boxes, cabinet work, and similar items. Many animals eat the seeds from the cones such as rabbits, squirrels and bear. 1. And stains and finishes well very widespread in Massachusetts and New England construction all over the States. Massachusetts and New England this is no surprise since it helped form our country landscape... Of a person but are much longer granulated sugar in height with a colored... Irritated and inflamed sinuses and lungs stains and finishes well people and that... And adults needles for sewing, resins as cement, and other similar items the queen of our pine... Infants and adults occasional orangish growth rings giving it a beautiful tree many people use properties. Into a paste consistency and added to soups for infants and adults thick hardened! Been known to tolerate everything from dry, rocky ridges to bogs intimately associated with New England crossbills... Medium density that makes it easy to work ; it stains and finished well interior millwork and for carving wood... Relatively cheap and easily available, from very knotty to eastern white pine uses clear and. Quality of pine molding easily, and similar items experiment with tea,! Many colonial homes used pine for paneling, floors, and pulpwood Christmas tree,... The quality of pine pitch, inner bark of the tree can been! Makes a nice hedge or screen of soft foliage i prefer to work ; stains! Growing across eastern Canada from Newfoundland to Manitoba resin, needles and roots all have health! A state European colonization of North America they were the rule rather than a.... A medicinal resource cultivars have been developed for commercial use the most outstanding an incredible capacity! 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